ICT at a glance in Bangladesh

Information Communication Technology (ICT) encompasses the broad fields of data/information processing, transmission and Communications by means of computer and telecommunication techniques and these modern tools are being increasingly used for organizational/personal information processing in all sectors of economy and society. A dependable information system is essential for efficient management and operation of the public and private sectors. But there is a shortage of locally generated information needed for efficient performance of these sectors. In order to meet this objective, ICT use in every sector shall have to be accelerated in terms in terms of information generation, utilization and applications. Considering the gravity and importance of ICT Honorable Prime Minister has already declared ICT as the thrust sector.

Computers & the Internet

1995

2001

Personal computers (Per 1,000 people)

..

1.9

Installed in education (thousands)

..

..

Internet Users (thousands)

..

250.0

Monthly off-peak access charges

Service provider charge ($)

..

17.3

Telephone usage charge ($)

..

0.33

Sources: ITU and UNESCO

ITU: International Telecommunications Union, World Telecommunication Indicators Database.

PC availability: Personal computers per 1000 people- Estimates are derived from annual questionnaires supplemented by other sources. Source: ITU.

pc

Sources: Development Data Group, World Bank

ICT business & government environment

(ratings from 1 to 7; 7 is highest/best)

1995

2002

Broadband internet access availability

..

2.2

Local specialized IT services availability

..

2.8

Competition in ISPs

..

4.2

Government online services availability

..

1.5

Laws relating to ICT use

..

2.1

Government prioritization of ICT

..

4.4

Secure servers

..

1*

Sources: World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2002-2003 and Global Information Technology Report 2002-2003 (ratings) and Netcraft (secure servers).

A Cross-Country Analysis of Computer and Internet Penetration

Country

Region

Computers

per 100

Internet Users

per 100

Population

(000s)

United States

North America

62.50

50.15

284,797

Sweden

Europe & Central Asia

56.12

51.63

8,910

Australia

East Asia & Pacific

51.58

37.14

19,387

Norway

Europe & Central Asia

50.80

46.38

4,528

Japan

East Asia & Pacific

35.82

38.42

127,291

Russia

Europe & Central Asia

4.97

2.93

146,760

China

East Asia & Pacific

1.90

2.57

1,312,710

India

South Asia

0.58

0.68

1,027,015

Pakistan

South Asia

0.41

0.34

144,971

Bangladesh

South Asia

0.19

0.14

131,175

Computer and Internet Penetration Rates for Highest, Lowest and Largest Countries. International Telecommunications Union (2001)

Telecom Infrastructure in Bangladesh

* 700,000 fixed lines ( 90% in service)

• BTTB (Government monopoly)

* telephone density : 0.5 lines per 100

population

• one of the lowest in the world

*average telephone density is 0.05 per 100 people in rural areas

* 800,000 mobile cellular telephones

• impressive growth; >100% CAGR

• 16,000 village phones in 15,000 villages providing teleaccess to 30 million

Global Connectivity

*Internet

• Private sector ISPs (June 1996)

• VSAT initially licensed by BTTB deregulated in 2000

• around 75 ISPs

– mostly in Dhaka

– gradually spreading to other Cities/Towns

*E-mail

• Dialling from outside 1994

• 150,000 account holders

– CAGR > 100%

c. 700,000 users

*Broadband – wireless or cable

•available in Dhaka and Chittagong

*Submarine Cable connection to Global Information Superhighway

Bangladesh’s Strengths

* A substantial number of educated unemployed youth force, with ability to read and write English

* Quite a few Bangladeshi skilled IT professionals working abroad (NRBs)

* Universities in Bangladesh are turning out an increasing number of graduates in Computer related subjects every year

* A large number of Bangladeshi students are studying overseas in Computer related subjects.

* Bangladesh offers a very attractive cost-effective wage level, viz.

IT Industry

Software has been a relatively a late entrant in Bangladesh ICT market. However like any learning curve, more and more firms are coming into this fray; systematic procedures and practices are being implemented so that quality software houses are being produced rapidly. The basic clientele for the software houses has usually been the corporate houses. i.e. the institutional market. That being so it naturally follows that most of the software are database related.

There are mainly three broad categories of software such as Customized Software, Multimedia Software, Web Software developed in Bangladesh. The most widely used programming language used for developing software are Visual Basic, C++, MS Access, SQL, Oracle, Java, Fox-Pro, Developer 2000, HTML and more. The following graph shows the uses of various platform/languages by developers in Bangladesh:

ictfirms in Bangladesh

ICT Firms in Bangladesh

ictprofessional

ICT-related Organizations

* 1979: BCS (Bangladesh Computer Society) 3000 members

* 1989: BCS (Bangladesh Computer Samity) 280 members

* 1997: BASIS (Bangladesh Association of Software & Information Services) 80 members

* 2001: ISP Association

*2001: E-Commerce Association

ICT Act In Bangladesh

ICT ACT 2006

  1. Eliminates barriers to e-commerce,
  2. Promotes legal and business infrastructures to secure e-transactions,
  3. Facilitates electronic filing in government agencies and
  4. Ensures efficient delivery of electronic records from government offices
  5. Help maintain the latest technology by freeing it from nuisance as punitive provisions Publishing obscene or defamatory information in electronic form
  6. The law ensures five years imprisonment and a fine of up to Taka 5 crore for offenders for the first conviction and that could be extended to 10 years imprisonment and Taka 10 crore as fine for each subsequent offence of the same nature.
  7. Powers of Police Officers and Other Officers.
  8. Establishment of Cyber Appellate Tribunal.

Source:

Bangladesh Computer Samity (BCS)

Bangladesh, ICT at a glance

Country Report

Cyber crime: a new challenge for law enforcers!

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3 Responses

  1. Thanks for compilation of information on ICT in Bangladesh.But some of the data are not latest.
    Also you have avoided to make any comment on the strength and weaknesses of ICT in Bangladesh.

  2. x c lent ……data

  3. ICT act should be inserted

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